EcoMobility SHIFT and SHIFT+

EcoMobility SHIFT

Cities around the world implement various urban mobility projects to improve transport systems and services provided to its dwellers and visitors. These projects are often related to public transport improvement, provision of bicycle facilities or improving walking conditions. In many cases, once the project is completed the city does not have direct feedback on the effectiveness of the project. In some cases, plans, policies or projects are planned without a clear understanding of its impact to the entire transportation system, risking the proposed solutions to be ineffective.

After working with cities and analyzing the process in many cities, initially in Europe, ICLEI developed the EcoMobility SHIFT together with the various stakeholders including academia, city governments and knowledge partners, which was launched in 2013The EcoMobility SHIFT is a methodology designed for cities to measure the performance in urban mobility and make informed decisions based on the areas that need improvement. It supports local governments in creating and strengthening the mobility plans and in developing action plans to implement integrated urban mobility.

EcoMobility SHIFT indicators

The SHIFT methodology consists of 20 indicators that measure the performance of urban mobility in various areas. The indicators are divided into 3 main areas namely Enablers, Transport Systems and Services, and Results and Impacts. The three areas measure various qualitative and quantitative aspects such as the political will, understanding the users needs, length of bicycle lanes, pedestrian infrastructure, amount of public transport available for people, low carbon vehicles, modal split and air quality to name a few. The indicators are listed below.


E1: Understanding User Needs
E2: Public Participation
E3: Vision, Strategy and Leadership
E4: Finance for EcoMobility
E5: Personnel and Resources
E6: Monitoring, Evaluation and Review

Transport Systems and Services

TSS1: Planning
TSS2: Low Speed / Car Free Zones
TSS3: Information Provision & Systems TSS4: Mobility Management
TSS5: Parking
TSS6: Walking
TSS7: Cycling
TSS8: Public Transport Coverage & Speed TSS9: Usability of Public Transport TSS10: Low Emission Vehicles

Results and Impacts

RI1: Modal Split
RI2: Safety
RI3: Greenhouse Gases RI4: Air Quality

EcoMobility SHIFT process



A city performs the assessment of the existing status of the mobility performance and actions to establish a base line. The assessment is performed against a set of indicators developed by the SHIFT scheme. The city can either do the assessment independently or with the support of an advisor. Using an advisor is beneficial to establish necessary action plans and identify solutions to improve the performance in certain areas.


Upon completion of the Assessment (Step 1), a city can chose to get their results audited by an external transport professional who is also a certified auditor for the SHIFT scheme. The auditor will examine the scoring in the assessment against the evidence produced by the city. After the audit, the score obtained by the city shall be the final score. The auditor is an external and independent person who is not involved in the assessment. This is essential to maintain impartiality in the results.


Once the audit process is completed and the city receives a final audit score, t. The city can chose to get a EcoMobility label for their achievement. Depending on their score the city shall be labeled either a Gold, Silver or a Bronze standard for their mobility performance. It is also possible that the city does not receive any standard because of their poor performance.

Case studies

City of Miskolc, Hungary, EcoMobility SHIFT Case Study
City of OSS, The Netherlands, EcoMobility SHIFT Case Study
City of Turnhout, Belgium, EcoMobility SHIFT Case Study
City of Lund, Sweden, EcoMobility SHIFT Case Study
City of Burgas, Bulgaria, EcoMobility SHIFT Case Study
City of Dundee, United Kingdom, EcoMobility SHIFT Case Study

EcoMobility SHIFT+ Scheme

Expanding on the original EcoMobility SHIFT described above,  the EcoMobility SHIFT+ is an updated scheme catering for both developed and developing cities. The concept of this updated scheme remains the same i.e. supporting cities to access their ecomobility performance, analyze performance, act to improve, and establish a path for continuous improvement.

There are 23 indicators under three categories: Enablers; Transport systems and services; and Performance in the EcoMobility SHIFT+ scheme, taking into account the latest developments in the mobility field. The EcoMobility SHIFT+ is being tested in Chinese, Indian and Ugandan cities.

The SHIFT+ scheme is made up of three stages:

  • (Self-) assessment process allows cities to measure performance and by assessing a set of indicators. A city can independently conduct an assessment or request ICLEI EcoMobility team for support.
  • Analyse process allows cities to identify specific strengths and weaknesses in the fields of passenger transport and mobility so that the city can prioritize and;
  • Act to improve the urban mobility system. A repository of strategies is also provided to select priorities for implementation.

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